Many of the war crimes committed during World War II in Nazi concentration camps are well known. However, the war crimes committed by the Japanese are less known, and some would argue that they are more brutal.
One of these locations of grotesque human experimentations was Unit 731, or the “Epidemic Prevention and Water Purification Department,” which operated from 1938-1945. Located in Japanese-occupied China, many of the victims were Chinese, but there are indications that some of the victims were Korean, Russian, Mongolian, and possibly a few American POWs. These victims, none of whom survived, were referred to as “logs,” as the lab was located near a logging center. Estimates of those killed at Unit 731 range between 3,000 and 12,000, a widely varying number since most of the documents written here were destroyed
It was believed that anesthesia or bodily decay would alter the results done in experimentation; thus, live humans were necessary. Victims were exposed to freezing temperatures in order to determine the best way to fight frostbite, and after this, the limb(s) would be amputated and reattached to a different area of the body. Some were cut open, with no anesthesia, to remove their stomach and have their esophagus attached to their intestines. Others were put in pressure chambers to see how long until they’re eyes would pop out. Many were exposed to anthrax and bubonic plague to see how quickly it affected human tissue.
As a result of the experimentation done at Unit 731, many biological weapons were used by the Japanese against the Chinese, which resulted in the death of 200,000 Chinese during the war, and some 30,000 after the war when many of the infected lab rats were released into the local area. Several of these biological weapons were planned to be used against the United States. It is often speculated that the balloons that the Japanese sent over to the Pacific Northwest were a test for sending balloons carrying biological weapons. A Japanese submarine had been ordered to launch biological weapons on the US forces on Saipan, but the submarine was sunk before this could happen. Another attempt was Operation Cherry Blossoms at Night, which planned to send airplanes filled with plague-infested fleas, into San Diego via kamikaze pilots. It was scheduled for September 22, 1945, but the Japanese surrendered on September 2, 1945.
Despite the horrific deeds done by the scientists at Unit 731, the scientists were granted immunity by the United States as part of Operation Paperclip, in exchange for the results of their experimentation. Some of the scientists who did their work at Unit 731 went on to become the governor of Tokyo, the President of the Japan Medical Association, the president of the Green Cross Corp., and the heads of multiple Japanese schools, such as Kyoto University and Kinki University. The Japanese only acknowledged the existence of Unit 731 in the 1990s. No formal statement has been made regarding these war crimes.
Written by Drew Stapleton
Did you know that Ohio became a state in 1953. . . effective 150 years earlier?
The Buckeye State, The Mother of Presidents, the 17th State- all these refer to Ohio. Originally part of territory owned by Great Britain, once the War for Independence was over the Ohio Territory was incorporated as part of the Northwest Territory.
In December of 1801, a document of all the people in the Ohio territory was given to Congress. Supporters of Ohio statehood wanted it to become a state, however, the document showed roughly 45,000 people lived there, when they needed 60,000. Statehood supporters argued that their population would soon reach the needed number and the House of Representatives created a committee to determine if Ohio should become a state.
Once the committee determined that Ohio had enough people in the territory, a bill enabling Ohio to form a constitution and state government was reported to the House. On April 9, 1802, the bill passed the House and passed the Senate after some changes were made in a conference committee. It was signed into law on April 30, 1802. In November 1802, the people in the eastern portion of the Northwest Territory met to form the allowed constitution and state government. The Ohio constitution was adopted on November 29, 1802, and it, along with a letter from Agent Thomas Worthington and the Address of the Convention, was sent to Congress as qualification for statehood. In February 1803, Congress passed an act stating Ohio’s adopted constitution was in accordance with their 1802 enabling act and declared federal law to be enforced in the new state of Ohio.
Jump ahead 150 years, and Ohio is about to celebrate its statehood sesquicentennial. In 1952, historians prepping for this celebration went to the Library of Congress to get the documents that made Ohio a state. However, they couldn’t find any. This stemmed from the fact that Congress ordered federal law to be enforced but never declared Ohio to be a state. So here was Ohio, supposed to be celebrating their sesquicentennial but instead finding out that they weren’t technically a state.
In law everything can be challenged and even a minute technicality can void a decision. This would mean that 8 of the 34 (at the time) presidents were void and any decisions they had made invalid. Dozens of federal judges and other appointees were technically not allowed either. Senators and Representatives weren’t allowed in Congress and anything these people voted on or determined were nullified.
So, to fix the problem, Congressman George H. Bender, a Republican from Ohio, decided to undertake a little legal time travel. In 1953, Bender introduced a joint resolution that allowed Ohio to be a state in 1803, ridding Ohio and the federal government of the problem. Eventually approved in the U.S. House of Representatives on May 19, 1953 and signed by President Eisenhower on August 7. Ohio became a state in 1953, effective 150 years earlier.
During the Cold War, many unbelievable inventions were created. With the dawn of the space age, the United States began experimenting with rockets in many avenues of life. One of those avenues was with the mail.
The Post Office Department (now called the USPS) considered using rockets to deliver mail, both domestically and internationally. In 1959, Postmaster General Arthur Summerfield predicted that rocket mail would be the future of mail delivery.
The only time that mail delivery by rocket occurred successfully was in June of 1959, when the submarine USS Barbero launcheda rocket filled with 3,000 pieces of mail toward Florida. The missile was fired around noon and reached its destination twenty- two minutes later. The mail was then sorted and routed as the typical mail was.
The Post Office Department set up a post office on the submarine, and the mail was given a USS Barbero postal mark. It is interesting to note that each letter was written by Summerfield and said the same thing. The letters were sent to postmasters around the globe, to the submarine crew, and even to President Dwight D. Eisenhower. While using missiles quickened mail delivery, it also showed the world how accurate the United States’ missiles were. This futuristic mail delivery system never “took off,” and today, thousands of USPS workers continue to deliver the mail by car, train, and airplane.
Written by Josh Yohe
Have you ever wondered why Martin Luther King, Jr. was standing on the balcony when he was assassinated? King was a peaceful reformer, and this great man actively fought for civil rights by staging dozens of peaceful protests and giving dozens of speeches.
However, what most people don't know is that he was a chain smoker, often smoking more than a pack a day. King kept this habit from most of his family, children, and media as he didn't want his children to follow his example. King's wife, Coretta hated the habit and often checked his pockets when he got home to see if he was carrying any cigarettes. MLK's solution- have his driver hold his cigarettes so his wife wouldn't find them. The reason King was on the balcony when he got shot was because he was smoking, and his friend removed the pack off his body before the police and media arrived. Very few photos exist showing King smoking, however, multiple close sources have verified the fact. (Including the above photographic evidence)
We don’t share this post as a way to be divisive. Martin Luther King, Jr. made great advancements during the Civil Rights Era. He is the reason many laws are in place. He was a great reformer and great man to those around him. This post is merely to show a side of him you may not have known. It is in no way trying to belittle the life or work of Dr. King and we hope our followers will read it in the light it is given. His accomplishments have made him a respected hero across the nation and many are grateful for all he did.
Written by Josh Yohe
The term “fake news” has risen in popularity in recent years, but “alternative facts” have actually been used throughout the history of the world. Here’s an interesting example.
During World War II, the German minister of propaganda, Joseph Goebbels, used his position to attack Jews, Christians, and other groups that he felt threatened the Nazi government. Goebbels was also heavily involved in the attempt to break the British people’s resolve during the London blitz.
Using a picture of Winston Churchill holding a Tommy Gun, Goebbels printed leaflets and posters that would be dropped over England during air raids. On the papers, he had phrases such as “Wanted for Incitement to Murder” or “Sniper” printed next to the photo along with a plea for the British people to save their families from the British “madman.”
Alternatively, the British cropped out the soldiers around Churchill to make the photo appear more “statesmanlike” and used it to encourage the people. Same picture, but different biases. The media truly does attempt to control and influence its followers.
So don’t let fake news or alternative facts stop you from learning the real story. Do your own digging and research to find the Hidden History behind the event.
Written by Ryan Troutman
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