Did you know that Ohio became a state in 1953. . . effective 150 years earlier?
The Buckeye State, The Mother of Presidents, the 17th State- all these refer to Ohio. Originally part of territory owned by Great Britain, once the War for Independence was over the Ohio Territory was incorporated as part of the Northwest Territory.
In December of 1801, a document of all the people in the Ohio territory was given to Congress. Supporters of Ohio statehood wanted it to become a state, however, the document showed roughly 45,000 people lived there, when they needed 60,000. Statehood supporters argued that their population would soon reach the needed number and the House of Representatives created a committee to determine if Ohio should become a state.
Once the committee determined that Ohio had enough people in the territory, a bill enabling Ohio to form a constitution and state government was reported to the House. On April 9, 1802, the bill passed the House and passed the Senate after some changes were made in a conference committee. It was signed into law on April 30, 1802. In November 1802, the people in the eastern portion of the Northwest Territory met to form the allowed constitution and state government. The Ohio constitution was adopted on November 29, 1802, and it, along with a letter from Agent Thomas Worthington and the Address of the Convention, was sent to Congress as qualification for statehood. In February 1803, Congress passed an act stating Ohio’s adopted constitution was in accordance with their 1802 enabling act and declared federal law to be enforced in the new state of Ohio.
Jump ahead 150 years, and Ohio is about to celebrate its statehood sesquicentennial. In 1952, historians prepping for this celebration went to the Library of Congress to get the documents that made Ohio a state. However, they couldn’t find any. This stemmed from the fact that Congress ordered federal law to be enforced but never declared Ohio to be a state. So here was Ohio, supposed to be celebrating their sesquicentennial but instead finding out that they weren’t technically a state.
In law everything can be challenged and even a minute technicality can void a decision. This would mean that 8 of the 34 (at the time) presidents were void and any decisions they had made invalid. Dozens of federal judges and other appointees were technically not allowed either. Senators and Representatives weren’t allowed in Congress and anything these people voted on or determined were nullified.
So, to fix the problem, Congressman George H. Bender, a Republican from Ohio, decided to undertake a little legal time travel. In 1953, Bender introduced a joint resolution that allowed Ohio to be a state in 1803, ridding Ohio and the federal government of the problem. Eventually approved in the U.S. House of Representatives on May 19, 1953 and signed by President Eisenhower on August 7. Ohio became a state in 1953, effective 150 years earlier.
During the Cold War, many unbelievable inventions were created. With the dawn of the space age, the United States began experimenting with rockets in many avenues of life. One of those avenues was with the mail.
The Post Office Department (now called the USPS) considered using rockets to deliver mail, both domestically and internationally. In 1959, Postmaster General Arthur Summerfield predicted that rocket mail would be the future of mail delivery.
The only time that mail delivery by rocket occurred successfully was in June of 1959, when the submarine USS Barbero launcheda rocket filled with 3,000 pieces of mail toward Florida. The missile was fired around noon and reached its destination twenty- two minutes later. The mail was then sorted and routed as the typical mail was.
The Post Office Department set up a post office on the submarine, and the mail was given a USS Barbero postal mark. It is interesting to note that each letter was written by Summerfield and said the same thing. The letters were sent to postmasters around the globe, to the submarine crew, and even to President Dwight D. Eisenhower. While using missiles quickened mail delivery, it also showed the world how accurate the United States’ missiles were. This futuristic mail delivery system never “took off,” and today, thousands of USPS workers continue to deliver the mail by car, train, and airplane.
Written by Josh Yohe
Have you ever wondered why Martin Luther King, Jr. was standing on the balcony when he was assassinated? King was a peaceful reformer, and this great man actively fought for civil rights by staging dozens of peaceful protests and giving dozens of speeches.
However, what most people don't know is that he was a chain smoker, often smoking more than a pack a day. King kept this habit from most of his family, children, and media as he didn't want his children to follow his example. King's wife, Coretta hated the habit and often checked his pockets when he got home to see if he was carrying any cigarettes. MLK's solution- have his driver hold his cigarettes so his wife wouldn't find them. The reason King was on the balcony when he got shot was because he was smoking, and his friend removed the pack off his body before the police and media arrived. Very few photos exist showing King smoking, however, multiple close sources have verified the fact. (Including the above photographic evidence)
We don’t share this post as a way to be divisive. Martin Luther King, Jr. made great advancements during the Civil Rights Era. He is the reason many laws are in place. He was a great reformer and great man to those around him. This post is merely to show a side of him you may not have known. It is in no way trying to belittle the life or work of Dr. King and we hope our followers will read it in the light it is given. His accomplishments have made him a respected hero across the nation and many are grateful for all he did.
Written by Josh Yohe
The term “fake news” has risen in popularity in recent years, but “alternative facts” have actually been used throughout the history of the world. Here’s an interesting example.
During World War II, the German minister of propaganda, Joseph Goebbels, used his position to attack Jews, Christians, and other groups that he felt threatened the Nazi government. Goebbels was also heavily involved in the attempt to break the British people’s resolve during the London blitz.
Using a picture of Winston Churchill holding a Tommy Gun, Goebbels printed leaflets and posters that would be dropped over England during air raids. On the papers, he had phrases such as “Wanted for Incitement to Murder” or “Sniper” printed next to the photo along with a plea for the British people to save their families from the British “madman.”
Alternatively, the British cropped out the soldiers around Churchill to make the photo appear more “statesmanlike” and used it to encourage the people. Same picture, but different biases. The media truly does attempt to control and influence its followers.
So don’t let fake news or alternative facts stop you from learning the real story. Do your own digging and research to find the Hidden History behind the event.
Written by Ryan Troutman
On April 11, 1803, Charles Maurice de Talleyrand, the Foreign Minister of France, offered to sell all of the Louisiana Territory to the United States.
The price of the land that is often quoted is $15 million dollars; however, it was actually only $11.25 million in cash, while the other $3.75 million was forgiveness of French debt. Even for the low price of three cents-per-acre, the US was unable to pay the full amount up front. The transaction had to be handled by two European banks. Including interest, the total cost of the Louisiana Purchase was over $23 million.
Thomas Jefferson, leader of the Democratic-Republican party, was president at the time of the purchase. Although he was a strict constructionist, Jefferson authorized the negotiations despite there being no language in the Constitution allowing the government to make such a transaction. Despite being opposed by the loose-construction Federalist party, the treaty was ratified, doubling the size of the United States.
Written by Ryan Troutman
Article authors vary depending on post. The author is posted at the bottom of every article.